I know it sounds like a boring topic but you already are a data analyst – let’s start with that. You collect data, process it, analyze it, share it, and take action based on your analysis. Learning data analytics for physicians won’t be too difficult.
I have no desire to enroll in a master’s degree or Ph.D. program just so that I can learn data science. But data is one of the most valuable resources which is accumulating at an exponential rate. I want to know what to do with it and how it can improve healthcare.
Data Science in Healthcare
I am a family medicine physician who has done some consulting in the machine learning space. I have wrangled a lot of data but have very superficial knowledge. I want to figure out what I don’t know and whether it’s relevant to becoming a better clinician.
The cranial itch I’ve been having regarding this data process is that in big tech all the data collection and analysis is done by a separate department so that those who are best at taking action can concentrate on taking action. As physicians, we’re stuck doing all the work ourselves.
The whole point of data collection (gathering an H&P) is that I can make the right clinical decision for my patient. Maybe they need a TKR or they need to have their statin changed.
Physicians as data analysts get stuck collecting all the data, processing the data, and then having to take action on it. That’s way too much work for 1 person. I want to figure out how we can divide these tasks up so that the physician can focus on what they are most effective at or what they like doing most.
Data Analysis Process for Physicians
There is a rather strict process that most data analysts follow when it comes to processing data. It’s referred to as:
ask – prepare – process – analyze – share – act
Let’s translate this to how physicians approach data. So, we
- find out what problem the patient wants to solve
- gather a history
- perform a physical exam
- process our findings based on current research
- analyze the findings as it relates to the patient
- share it with the EMR and the patient
- take clinical action
Here is a cool little data analysis workflow I found in the course I am taking.
The Data Analysis Course
The point of this course is to train someone with no data science experience to obtain an entry-level data analyst position. It can take 6 months but you can blow through it in 1-2 months.
- Foundations: Data, Data, Everywhere
- Ask Questions to Make Data-Driven Decisions
- Prepare Data for Exploration
- Process Data from Dirty to Clean
- Analyze Data to Answer Questions
- Share Data Through the Art of Visualization
- Data Analysis with R Programming
- Google Data Analytic Capstone: Complete a Case Study
The first section describes the work of a data analyst as collecting data, analyzing the data, and making recommendations to stakeholders as to how to effect the desired changes.
This first section is a 5-week course and there are small quizzes you take after each section. It’s a mix of video and interactive pages and writing. There is a discussion forum as well which I think is a good way to find like-minded individuals.
Motivation to Take a Data Analytics Course
I’m a nerd and proud of it. I like learning and I enjoy the challenge of medicine. And at this point in my career, I don’t think I am challenged with dispensing Macrobid for a UTI.
Instead, I want to know which of my patients with a UTI must be seen and who must have antibiotics for their infection. And I want to know which can skip it.
How do I come by this knowledge? Where is this information? Apparently, it’s all stored in large databases. I have no idea how to access them or how to manipulate the data even if I saw it in a big old spreadsheet.
I am not quite nerdy enough to want to sit and do the actual data analytics myself but once I understand the data analytics process as a physician I can cooperate with a data analyst to create such databases to answer these kinds of clinical questions.
Data Analytics Skills for Physicians
If you’ve been reading this far you’re as big of a nerd as I am. Here comes the juicy stuff, because data analytics skills can help you find new career opportunities.
Maybe you’re tired of seeing patients or you want a more location-independent lifestyle. Understanding clinical data or data in healthcare makes you a competitive candidate for work within healthcare startups and established companies.
Tech companies are trying to change the way we do business, not just in healthcare. Some of it is driven by greed but some are trying to improve healthcare. These companies need physicians who understand all the data left behind by patients.
Clinical data analytics is where we make sense of clinical data. It could be a patient’s weight or a patient’s particular genome sequence. And data is always dirty, it needs to be cleaned by someone who is an industry expert.
After the data is cleaned it needs to be interpreted. This interpretation requires creativity and insight into clinical medicine.
Physicians as Data Analysts
You don’t have to sit there and create a SQL query. You don’t have to rearrange data using R or Python. As a physician, you won’t even have to sift through all of the data on Excel and create a nice dashboard on Tableau.
A junior data analyst can do all of that for you. But you become the domain expert – the person who can help the junior analyst make sense of the data.
You can partly own and drive what will be done with this data once it’s cleaned. For example, I recently worked on an RPM (remote patient monitoring) project where a lot of data was coming in from patients. We needed to know how best to handle the clinical aspects of this. I can’t get into the details but imagine a patient’s heart rate is being monitored – what do you do when it’s high, low, irregularly irregular? You get the idea; it’s easy for you and me but not for a product lead or data scientist.
Data Analyst to Clinical Consultant
I’ve mentioned the term clinical consultant before. Anytime you are offering your expertise as a physician to a business you are a clinical consultant.
There are a lot of opportunities in this space. The best ones are found by you reaching out to various companies. Perhaps you find what they are doing interesting and think that you can offer some advice – that’s the perfect lead email or lead message on LinkedIn.
Once you go down the Data Analyst pathway you learn new skills. And one thing leads to another and you learn about lean process improvement and efficiency consulting and so many other things. I didn’t even know such concepts existed.
The question to ask yourself is what you’re interested in and what you want to do on a day-to-day basis. Creating that kind of work and related income is just the next step. It requires some creativity and brainstorming with others who have achieved the same but it’s always doable.
As I write this I am ending my 1-year contract with a great company for which I consulted for. And I am starting consulting work with a new company whom I found myself on LinkedIn. I’ll keep you guys posted.